Ammonia, NH 3 is a weak electrolyte because it is a weak base. Many molecules are weak electrolytes and exist in an equilibrium (indicated by in the general equation below) between the starting molecule and its dissociated parts. This work not only exemplifies the first stable preparation and practical . Carbonic acid (CH2O3), Ammonia (NH3), and Phosphoric acid (H3PO4) act as weak electrolytes. See the step by step solution. Originally, a "strong electrolyte" was defined as a chemical that, when in aqueous solution, is a good conductor of electricity. 2022 Jun 21. Nick Trigili NITRO-3D. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. With a greater understanding of the properties of ions in solution, its definition was replaced by the present one. In practice, only a few strong acids are commonly encountered: HCl, HBr, HI, HNO 3, HClO 4, and H 2 SO 4 (H 3 PO 4 is only moderately strong). . If a parent provides an oral electrolyte maintenance solution at the very start of the illness, dehydration can be prevented. An electrolyte is any fluid that contains free ions. A strong electrolyte consists of a solute that dissociates into free ions in large quantity while a weak electrolyte does not release much of the free ions. In more dilute solutions, the actual concentrations of these ions is smaller, but their fractional abundance in relation to the undissociated form is greater. One of the most important properties of water is its ability to dissolve a wide variety of substances. When a patient is dehydrated, a carefully prepared (commercially available) electrolyte solution is required to maintain health and well being. Cardiovascular Structures and Functions, 43. HHS Vulnerability Disclosure, Help The sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase pump has the primary responsibility for regulating the homeostasis between sodium and potassium, which pumps out sodium in exchange for potassium, which moves into the cells. The substances which ionize completely into ions are known as strong electrolytes. Answer the following question to test your understanding of the preceding section: This page titled 8.10.9C: Weak and Strong Electrolytes is shared under a CC BY 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Stephen Lower via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request. Calcium has a significant physiological role in the body. In terms of child health, oral electrolyte is need when a child is dehydrated due to diarrhea. In fact, the battery operations involve redox reactions. The more ionization, the stronger the electrolyte. At 298 K, Kw = 1x10-14. The beam has a cross section of 612in.6 \times 12\ \text{in. Distinguish between strong and weak electrolytes. What are the solute particles present in aqueous solutions of each compound? They get immediately converted into ammonia and water. as in the case below of ammonia, which grabs a proton from the water forming the weak electrolyte ammonium hydroxide (Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\)). , Syed Hasan Naming Alkenes with Examples, Electron Configuration: The Key to Chemical Reactivity, Braggs Law [n = 2d sin]: A Relationship Between (d & ), Memorizing the Periodic Table: 3 Easy & Proven Ways, Neutralization Reactions: The Acid Base Balancing, Strong electrolytes ionize completely when dissolved in water, Weak electrolytes ionize partially in water, There is 100% ionization, so the principal species are the ions of the electrolytes in the solution, The ionization is less, roughly 1-10%. 2022 May;52(3):511-525. Disclaimer. Water cannot be used as an electrolyte because pure water is not an electrolyte. Example: tomato juice (4.1) pH 5 Concentration: 100. , No Comment, February 6, 2023 The solution will contain only ions and no molecules of the electrolyte. Examples: baking soda (8.4), seawater, eggs pH 9 Concentration: 1/100. Explain ion movement in a solution of electrolytes. Electrolytes are essential for basic life functioning, such as maintaining electrical neutrality in cells, generating and conducting action potentials in the nerves and muscles. Dissociation, of course, is a matter of degree. The use of oral electrolyte maintenance solutions, which is responsible for saving millions of lives worldwide over the last 25 years, is one of the most important medical advances in protecting the health of children in the century, explains Juilus G.K. Goepp, MD, assistant director of the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Children's Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Acetic acid is a weak electrolyte, and although the image may not show it, if the concentrations are the same, the light is dimmer than for the KCl . Even though NH3 is an base, it is a weak base and therefore a weak electrolyte. Absorption of calcium in the intestine is primarily under the control of the hormonally active form of vitamin D, which is 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3. The hydrogen ion concentration (H+) of a solution is an important property, because biological systems contain functional groups whose properties are changed by changes in the hydrogen ion concentration. Since the hydrogen ion concentrations are usually much less than one, and can vary over many orders of magnitude, a different scale is used to describe the hydrogen ion concentrationthe pH scale. The two types of ions move in opposite directions. ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, In dry cells, the solution is replaced by a paste so that the solution will not leak out of the package. These chemicals completely dissociate into ions in aqueous solution. Hint: b. any copper salt Example: household ammonia (11.9) pH 12 Concentration: 1/100,000. The image below shows the pH of a number of common fluids. Nonelectrolytes are usually held together by covalent bonds rather than ionic ones. These electrolytes can have an imbalance, leading to either high or low levels. Since ions are the charge carriers, we might expect the conductivity of a solution to be directly proportional to their concentrations in the solution. For example, \(\ce{NH4OH}\) (ammonia), \(\ce{H2CO3}\) (carbonic acid), \(\ce{CH3COOH}\) (acetic acid), and most organic acids and bases are weak electrolytes. soluble salt strong electrolyte: ammonium chloride: soluble salt strong electrolyte: lead (II) sulfide: insoluble salt weak electrolyte: aluminum carbonate: Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Strong Electrolyte Definition and Examples." To the extent that ions having opposite charge signs are more likely to be closer together, we would expect their charges to partially cancel, reducing their tendency to migrate in response to an applied potential gradient. Abstracts of Presentations at the Association of Clinical Scientists 143. ammonia: base weak electrolyte: potassium hydroxide: base strong electrolyte: barium hydroxide: base strong electrolyte: carbon dioxide: nonelectrolyte: water: . (a) Hydrogen chloride H C l is strong electrolyte. CHecking serum calcium levels is a recommended test in post-thyroidectomy patients. Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. a high NH3 yield rate of ~70 g h-1 mgcat.-1 and a high Faradaic efficiency of ~26% at -0.5 V vs. RHE in an aqueous electrolyte. Example: milk of magnesium (10.5) pH 11 Concentration: 1/10,000. As the solution approaches zero concentration, virtually all of the \(MX_{(aq)}\) becomes dissociated, and the conductivity reaches its limiting value. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. , Hari M , 1 Comment. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Na2SO4 is strong electrolyte .Salts are strong . It is mostly present in the extracellular fluid. They can be divided into acids, bases, and salts, because they all give ions when dissolved in water. Also find the principal stresses and the maximum shear stress at CCC. Types of Electrolytes. The reabsorption of potassium takes place at the proximal convoluted tubule and thick ascending loop of Henle. The primary cause of this is the presence of the ionic atmosphere that was introduced above. Chloride is an anion found predominantly in the extracellular fluid. A solution is neutral if its pH is equal to 7.0. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. A simply supported beam is subjected to two point loads, each P=500lbP=500\ \mathrm{lb}P=500lb, as shown in the Tigure. December 4, 2010 Before For strong electrolytes, a single reaction arrow shows that the reaction occurs completely in one direction, in contrast to the dissociation of weak electrolytes, which both ionize and re-bond in significant quantities.[1]. The functionality of electrolyte solutions is related to their properties, and interest in electrolyte solutions goes far beyond chemistry. Examples: hydrochloric acid secreted from the stomach lining (1) pH 2 Concentration: 100,000. Introduction to the Respiratory System, 70. NH4 is the conjugate acid of the weak base ammonia, and reacts with water to a small extent to form H,0 . For carbonic acid, K = 4.2x10-7. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ann Clin Lab Sci. The minus sign changes the negative numbers that would be obtained from log(H+) to positive ones. Specifically for acetic acid: CH3COOH CH3COO + H+. Such applications lead to galvanic cells, electrochemical cells, standard electrode systems, Nelson cell, Down cell, etc. Answer. pH 0 Concentration: 10,000,000. false. This process of dissociation of a substance into its ions is known as ionization and the substances that undergo ionization are called electrolytes. Ammonia in water is an example for weak electrolyte. Accessibility StatementFor more information contact us atinfo@libretexts.orgor check out our status page at In the case of hydrogen chloride, the hydrogen and chlorine get dissociated and form cation and anion. \(\mathrm{Zn + Cu^{2+} \rightarrow Zn^{2+} + Cu}\). You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Substances may be categorized as strong, weak, or nonelectrolytes by studying their electrical conductance in an aqueous solution. Ammonia, NH3, is a weak electrolyte. Retrieved from Asked by: Caesar Rodriguez III. Strong electrolytes completely ionize when dissolved, and no neutral molecules are formed in solution. The greater the strength of the electrolyte, the higher will be the conductivity. sodium sulfate, Na2SO4 sulfurous acid, H2SO3 nitrous acid, HNO2 sucrose, C12H22011 ammonia, NH3. . When you visit the site, Dotdash Meredith and its partners may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. -, Gumz ML, Rabinowitz L, Wingo CS. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program, Palmer LG, Schnermann J. Apply chemical knowledge to battery setups. (c) Glucose C 6 H 12 O 6 is non electrolyte. At higher temperatures, the pH is slightly less than 7, and at lower temperatures, the pH is greater than 7. Describe how the nervous system communicates quantitative and qualitative information about stimuli. Some of the examples of strong electrolyte are sodium nitrate, sodium chloride and sodium sulphate and one example for weak a electrolytes is ammonia solution. , Dr. Romisa, Comment Closed, February 9, 2023 -, Ellison DH, Terker AS, Gamba G. Potassium and Its Discontents: New Insight, New Treatments. Difference Between Strong Electrolyte and Weak Electrolyte Importance She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. The left hand is a zinc electrode. Cardiovascular Integration of Systems, XII. Any salt can be used for the \(\ce{Zn}\)-electrode. Also, they are not of any significance to study the ionization constant of strong electrolytes. It can present with alcohol use disorder and gastrointestinal and renal lossesventricular arrhythmias, which include torsades de pointes seen in hypomagnesemia. So, upon applying a voltage to electrodes immersed in a solution, one shall find out the ionic concentration quantitatively; by measuring the electric current, or by observing the brightness of a light bulb included in the circuit (such light is used in spectroscopic techniques to quantify data). Most molecular compounds are non-electrolytes.----- Helpful Resources -----Metals, Non-Metals on the Periodic Table:, Covalent, \u0026 Polar Covalent: Table: Rules: These are nutritionally called macrominerals. Most of the chloride, which is filtered by the glomerulus, is reabsorbed by both proximal and distal tubules (majorly by proximal tubule) by both active and passive transport. The curvature of the plots for intermediate electrolytes is a simple consequence of the Le Chatelier effect, which predicts that the equilibrium. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Magnesium is an intracellular cation. Originally, a "strong electrolyte" was defined as a chemical that, when in aqueous solution, is a good conductor of electricity. Sodium, potassium, and chloride are the significant electrolytes along with magnesium, calcium, phosphate, and bicarbonates. The quantitative applications of electrolysis imply colorimeters connected by salt bridges. The log conversion reduces a tenfold change in hydrogen ion concentration to a one unit change in pH. . Please rate this article: Why Do Aqueous Solution Conduct Electricity? An electrolyte is any fluid that contains free ions. Electrolyte or Not? Strong electrolytes examples: Hydrochloric acid (HCl), Sulfuric acid (H2SO4), sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and potassium hydroxide (KOH). This equation works out in both the directions. Potassium secretion occurs at the distal convoluted tubule. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the In the salt bridge, what ions will move toward the \(\mathrm{Zn | Zn^{2+}}\) cell? The combination of blood and the circulatory system is the river of life, because it coordinates all the life functions. The equilibrium constants for the dissociation of an intermediate electrolyte salt MX are typically in the range of 1-200. If a chemical is an electrolyte it must dissociate whether weak or strong. Aqueous solutions containing electrolytes conduct electricity. \(\mathrm{[H^+] = [OH^-] = 1\times10^{-7}}\). Bookshelf A secondary effect arises from the fact that as an ion migrates through the solution, its counter-ion cloud does not keep up with it., Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 18 July 2022, at 17:38. But at such a high dilution, the conductivity would be so minute that it would be masked by that of water itself (that is, by the H+ and OH ions in equilibrium with the massive 55.6 M L1 concentration of water) making values of in this region virtually unmeasurable. Write the balanced chemical reaction for this process, including state symbols. The serious study of electrolytic solutions began in the latter part of the 19th century, mostly in Germany and before the details of dissociation and ionization were well understood. Soluble ionic compounds and strong acids are electrolytes.- Weak Electrolyte: partially dissociate in solution and poorly conduct electricity.- Non-Electrolytes: do not dissociate into ions and do not conduct electricity. Electrolytes come from our food and fluids. Rapid sodium corrections can have serious consequences like cerebral edema and osmotic demyelination syndrome. The resulting asymmetry of the counter-ion field exerts a retarding effect on the central ion, reducing its rate of migration, and thus its contribution to the conductivity of the solution. Electrolytes are substances that ionize in solutions and form ions whereas nonelectrolytes do not ionize when added into water or other solvents. Strong/weak electrolyte, nonelectrolyte, insoluble. The principal species in solution for weak electrolytes is the unionized electrolyte itself, Solutions containing a strong electrolyte will have high electrical conductivity, Solutions containing a weak electrolyte will have low electrical conductivity, Strong acids, strong bases, and salts (except some) are strong electrolytes, Weak acids and weak bases are weak electrolytes, HCl, NaCl, NaOH are some examples of strong electrolytes. Join AUS-e-TUTE! Phosphate is regulated simultaneously with calcium by Vitamin D3, PTH, and calcitonin. Experience heightened energy, delayed fatigue, amplified recovery, enhanced hydration, and improved muscle growth in an all-in-one delicious intra-workout supplement. Instead, new counter-ions are continually acquired on the leading edge of the motion, while existing ones are left behind on the opposite side. D. A strong electrolyte is any ionic substance. and transmitted securely. Diagnosis is when the serum sodium level is less than 135 mmol/L. When muscle contracts, calcium re-uptake by the calcium-activated ATPase of the sarcoplasmic reticulum is brought about by magnesium. Legal. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers / Flickr / CC by 2.0. Among the electrolyte disorders, hyponatremia is the most frequent. These ions are good conductors of electric current in the solution. Salts: Most salts are strong electrolytes. Strong electrolytes include the strong acids, strong bases, and salts. The comparative strength of an electrolyte may be gauged using a galvanic cell. Integrated control of Na transport along the nephron. The reactants (molecular form) and the products (ionic form) will be in equilibrium. These electrolytes can have an imbalance, leading to either high or low levels. Eighty-five percent of the total body phosphorus is in the bones and teeth in the form of hydroxyapatite; the soft tissues contain the remaining 15%. When the ions are indifferent of each other, there is no reaction. NaHCO3 (Sodium hydrogen carbonate/baking soda), C12H22O11 (lactose) (lactose and sucrose have the same formula??? Typically less than 5% of a weak electrolyte dissociates into ions in solution, whereas more than 95% is present in undissociated form. Even so, the, 8.10.9B: The nature of ions in aqueous solution, Conductivity diminishes as concentrations increase, Not all Electrolytes Totally Dissociate in Solution, Weak electrolytes are dissociated only at extremely high dilution, source@, status page at But this ideal behavior is never observed; instead, the conductivity of electrolytes of all kinds diminishes as the concentration rises. Hydrochloric acid, like sodium chloride, is a strong electrolyte because it completely dissociates in aqueous solution into charged ions. In this cell, the \(\ce{Zn}\) and \(\ce{Cu}\) electrode has a voltage of 1.10 V, if the concentrations of the ions are as indicated. When ammonia dissolves in water, it reacts. [Electrolyte and acid-base balance disorders in advanced chronic kidney disease]. Since the pH scale is an inverse scale, the concentration of protons is high at low pH and low at high pH. Phosphorus is an extracellular fluid cation. You have already learned about ions and ionic properties. February 28, 2023 While NH3 will dissolve in water (it is soluble in water) it only partially dissociates into its ions. The solute in an electrolyte will break up from its molecular form to form free ions. (accessed March 4, 2023). The fraction (often expressed as a %) that undergos ionization depends on the concentration of the solution. Solutions of electrolytes are always required in batteries, even in dry cells. In a solution, \(\ce{H2CO3}\) molecules are present. You have already learned about ions and ionic properties. Hypercalcemia is when corrected serum total calcium levels exceed 10.7 mg/dl, as seen with primary hyperparathyroidism. Magnesium is mainly involved in ATP metabolism, contraction and relaxation of muscles, proper neurological functioning, and neurotransmitter release. Since the weak electrolytes have fewer ions in the solution, it acts as weak conductor of electricity. Bone Res. HCl is a strong electrolyte as it is a strong acid. Compounds can be Strong, Weak . Renal handling of magnesium: drug and hormone interactions. As the ions exist as such, the solution of HCl will have ample ions to conduct electricity and hence acts as a strong electrolyte. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan. The pH is the negative logarithm (-log) of the proton concentration:pH = log (H+). These ions do not get converted back into HCl again. Hence enough free ions are lacking to conduct electricity. This is the reason for ammonia to act as weak electrolyte. Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. Electrolyte balance is crucial to many body functions. Anatomy & Physiology by CCCOnline is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2020, August 28). Examples: grapefruit and orange juice, soft drinks pH 4 Concentration: 1,000. For electrolytes, water is the most important solvent. The weak electrolyte consists of ions and molecules in equilibrium with each other. From everyday experience you are probably aware that table sugar (sucrose), C12H22O11, is soluble in water. Ammonia, NH3 is a weak electrolyte because it is a weak base. A strong electrolyte is a solution/solute that completely, or almost completely, ionizes or dissociates in a solution. Examples: lemon juice (2.3), and vinegar (2.9) pH 3 Concentration: 10,000. The stronger an electrolyte the greater the voltage produced when used in a galvanic cell. Is ch3oh a strong electrolyte - Electrolytes can be divided into the class of weak and strong electrolytes depending upon the tendency of the chemical compound . government site. What is the difference between electrolyte and nonelectrolyte? Ammonia in water is an example for weak electrolyte. Examples of some salts as strong electrolytes: How to know if a chemical is an electrolyte? Substances that give ions when dissolved in water are called electrolytes. A series of UiO-66-NH 2 /CNT-X (X=0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 g) electrocatalysts with different carbon nanotube (CNT) content were synthesized by hydrothermal method. will shift to the left as the concentration of the "free" ions increases. Weak electrolytes are solutions that have the substances dissolved in them in the form of molecules rather than ions. , No Comment, February 8, 2023 Pour the ammonia and acetic acid into the 250 mL beaker. The acid-base status of the blood drives bicarbonate levels. Depending upon the extent or degree of ionization, the electrolytes are divided into two types: Strong electrolytes are the chemical substances that ionize completely when dissolved in water, whereas weak electrolytes only ionize partially. (accessed March 4, 2023). Since \(\ce{NaCl}\) is an ionic solid (s), which consists of cations \(\ce{Na+}\) and anions \(\ce{Cl-}\), no molecules of \(\ce{NaCl}\) are present in \(\ce{NaCl}\) solid or \(\ce{NaCl}\) solution. Methanol, CH3OH, is a nonelectrolyte ammonia, NH3, is a weak electrolyte and iron(III) sulfate, Fe2(SO4)3, is a strong electrolyte. The .gov means its official. Acids and Bases - Calculating pH of a Strong Base, Chemistry Vocabulary Terms You Should Know, How a Neutralization Reaction Works in Salt Formation, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. \(\mathrm{Zn | Zn^{2+} || Cu^{2+}| Cu}\). Examples: acid rain (5.6), black coffee (5) pH 6 Concentration: 10. A strong electrolyte is a solute or solution that is an electrolyte that completely dissociates in solution . This led to the classification of electrolytes as weak, intermediate, and strong. Here, we will define an acid as a proton donor and a base as a proton acceptor. You said HCl is a weak electrolyte in the first paragraph and then a strong one in the second. Help us improve. Skill: The ionization or autoionization of pure water can be represented by the ionization equation, \(\mathrm{H_2O \rightleftharpoons H^+ + OH^-}\), \(\mathrm{\mathit K = \dfrac{[H^+] [OH^-]}{[H_2O]}}\). Water cannot be used as an electrolyte because pure water is not an electrolyte. Is HF (Hydrofluoric Acid) a Strong Acid or a Weak Acid? This work represented one of the major advances in physical chemistry in the first half of the 20th Century, and put the behavior of electrolytic solutions on a sound theoretical basis. Ammonia is an electrolyte because it produces ions by the following reaction: NH 3 (aq) + H 2 O = NH 4+ (aq) + OH - (aq) Ammonia is a weak rather than strong electrolyte because this reaction runs both ways; ammonia reacts with water to produce ammonium and hydroxide ions, while hydroxide ions react with ammonium ions to produce ammonia and water. \(\mathrm{Cu^{2+}_{\large{(aq)}} + 2 e^- \rightarrow Cu_{\large{(s)}}}\). Nervous System Levels of Organization, 42. Calcitonin acts on bone cells to increase the calcium levels in the blood. Electrolyte is a solution and a medium that consists of free ions which help in the conduction of electricity. , Dr. Romisa, No Comment, February 24, 2023 Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. -. Strong electrolytes include the strong acids, strong bases, and salts. Aldosterone increases potassium secretion. If there is no solute in water, the solution has equal concentrations of \(\ce{[H+]}\) and \(\ce{[OH-]}\). These solutions conduct electricity due to the mobility of the positive and negative ions, which are called cations and anions respectively. Sodium hydroxide, NaOH is a strong base, so, it is a strong electrolyte as well. electrolyte. Our body fluids are solutions of electrolytes and many other things. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Distinguish strong and weak electrolytes. Here's some extreme examples of what can happen with an imbalance of electrolytes: elevated potassium levels may result in cardiac arrhythmias; decreased extracellular potassium produces paralysis; excessive extracellular sodium causes fluid retention; and decreased plasma calcium and magnesium can produce muscle spasms of the extremities. Substances that form a high degree of ions in solution are classified as strong electrolytes, substances that form a small percentage of ions in solution are weak electrolytes and those that form no ions in solution are nonelectrolytes. MeSH Sodium, potassium, and chloride are the significant electrolytes along with magnesium, calcium, phosphate, and bicarbonates. Hypocalcemia diagnosis requires checking the serum albumin level to correct for total calcium, and the diagnosis is when the corrected serum total calcium levels are less than 8.8 mg/dl, as in vitamin D deficiency or hypoparathyroidism. Skill: The equation given below shows the dissociation of ammonia into ions and vice versa. Here the unionized molecules (electrolytes) are present in such a small amount that they can be neglected. The light will glow dimly for each solution since each is a weak electrolyte. A substance whose aqueous solution or molten state decomposed into ions by passing electricity is known as electrolytes. PMC Electrolytes dissociate into ions when added to water. Cell Division and Control of Cell Number, V. Chapter 2 Part 4: Higher Order Structures, 18. The nonelectrolytes are out of the discussion here as their aqueous solution would not conduct current due to the lack of charged species. FOIA A strong electrolyte is a solute or solution that is an electrolyte that completely dissociates in solution. This electrochemistry-related article is a stub. Electrolytes are essential for life, but many people get too much (like too much sodium from salt in processed food), which can also disrupt proper physiological function. The solution will contain only ions and no molecules of the electrolyte. Covalent or Molecular Compound Properties, Calculate Concentration of Ions in Solution, Strong Electrolyte Definition and Examples, Acids and Bases - Calculating pH of a Strong Base. To tell if NH3 (Ammonia) is an electrolyte or non-electrolyte we first need to know what type of compound we have.